Development of a grimace pain scale in horses

Development of the Horse Grimace Scale (HGS) as a Pain Assessment Tool in Horses Horses do not vocalise their pain, and it can be difficult for observers to tell whether a horse is in pain, or to what extent. ┬áMuch equine management and training is contingent upon the application of aversive stimuli which have theContinue reading “Development of a grimace pain scale in horses”